There is no end to anxiety for a female with irregular menstruation. Irregular menstruation and infertility are one of the reasons for the polycystic ovarian syndrome. These polycystic ovaries in women 5-10% are hormonal problems (PCOS). When this disease occurs with many symptoms it is called polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS. Let’s know who is at risk of this disease, what the symptom of the disease is and when you will need to go to the doctor.
What is Polycystic Ovary?
From the name, we understand it is an ovarian disease. Cysts are formed in the ovaries of this disease. But that is not always the case. Doctors in these cases do clinical diagnoses.
Symptoms of the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Irregular monthly
- Short or extra-long period
- Extra hair in the chest and neck
- Black tint in the neck
- Thin Hair
- High anxiety and sadness
Due to extra weight, patients may come to the doctor about diabetes, hypertension and high blood cholesterol problems.
The disease occurs in women’s reproductive age. Generally, the disease affects 15-45 years old females.
Even the specific cause of this disease is unknown; it is assumed that hormone imbalance and Genetic factors are one of the reasons. The risk is slightly higher if any family member especially a mother or sister is affected. Some female who produce additional androgen (male hormone) in their body is considered to be the cause of this disease.
Required Test for PCOS
- Thyroid function test
- Fasting glucose test
- Lipid level
- Serum FSH / LH
- Serum testosterone level
Controlee your weight thought controlled eating habits and regular exercise. Finite weight will reduce your blood glucose levels and help you to regular periods.
Those who are not thinking about getting pregnant now, especially those who are unmarried, the birth control pill are quite effective for them. The pill helps your period to come regularly and reduce male hormonal levels, reducing excess hairs on body and acne problems.
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Those who are want to be pregnant or are suffering from infertility problems ovulation-inducing drug, such as Clomiphene citrate, FSH is prescribed by a doctor.
Metformin reduces blood glucose levels and reduces hirsutism or extra body hair problems. Many times metformin and clomiphene citrate are used together.
Anti-androgen reduces male hormones. As a result, reduce excess body hair problems. But this is not the medicine for those who want to pregnant.
Surgery: In this case, doctors do “ovarian drilling” through laparoscopy.
Extra care of the pregnancy
In the case of PCOS patients can affect by miscarriages, maternal diabetes and may be complications like premature births.
If you are a polycystic ovary patient, you must take extra precautions during pregnancy. Regularly consult a doctor and make a checkup.
What complications can be caused by this disease?
- High blood pressure
- High-level cholesterol in the blood
- Endometrial carcinoma (one type of uterus cancer)
- Heart attack
- Sleep apnea (inhaling breathing during sleep)
- Breast cancer
- Found anxiety and sadness
As soon as diagnosis and proper treatment will be reduced the risk and complications of the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). So if the symptoms of this disease match with you, then consult your doctor quickly.