Heart transplant is a life-saving surgical method, wherein a damaged heart is replaced with a healthy one. The heart is removed from a brain-dead donor to give a new lease of life to the patient suffering from a bad heart.
Heart transplant is a big decision, which is the last option taken in extreme cases, suggest doctors at AMRI Hospitals, one of the best heart hospitals in Kolkata. A team of doctors makes sure that the heart is healthy enough to undergo a transplant, before taking the big decision.
Who needs a heart transplant?
When other treatments are deemed ineffective by the doctors and the heart muscles are failing to pump blood throughout the body, heart transplant is the only option that can save the lives in such cases.
What are the risks of a heart transplant?
Every surgery is vulnerable to complications. Some of the risks associated with heart transplant are:
- Bleeding during and after the surgery
- Blood clotting
- Breathing Problem
- Kidney failure
A human body may or may not accept a new heart, which depends on the immune system of patients. The bodycan either attack a new thing or allow it to survive with the help of medicines.
How to get ready for a transplant?
According to the medical practitioners at AMRI Hospitals, best hospital in Kolkata every person is not eligible for a heart transplant, and it requires a lot of evaluation to know if the transplant can be done. The transplant evaluation process includes:
- Blood tests
- Psychological and social evaluation
- Diagnostic tests
All the information is taken into consideration, before anything is finalized by the team of the doctors. Furthermore, the doctors explain the complete procedure to the patient. Some medicines are given to the patients to feel better. Other specific preparations may also be required, depending on the health condition of the patient. Visit you are nearby heart hospital for more details.
How is heart transplant done?
It requires an open heart surgery. However, the procedure can vary, depending upon the condition of the patient and the doctor’s expertise. In a normal procedure, the surgeon makes an incision into the chest of the patient and separate the chest bone, before opening the rib cage of the patient. After that, the damaged heart is removed and the donor heart is put in its place. All the major blood vessel are attached to the new heart and it immediately starts beating when the blood flow is restored.
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Procedure after heart transplant
A patient will need to stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) after the surgery. After a few days, the patient is moved to a regular hospital room for around 2 weeks. He is continuously monitored by doctors for any signs or symptoms. The patient also needs to go for several follow-ups and regulars tests, as it is important to see if the body is accepting the new heart, explain doctors at AMRI Hospitals, one of the best heart hospitals in Kolkata
Several instructions are also given to the patient for rehabilitation. When the doctor deems the patient fit, all the surgical staples are removed. Initially a lot of medicines are required by the patient, but the dose decreases with time.Some of the medicines are likely to be advised to the patient for the rest of his life.