Hepatitis B (HBV): Signs and Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

Hepatitis B is a serious contagious disease that attacks the liver. This disease is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) attack. In the early part of the infection no symptoms are expressed. But in many cases there are symptoms of vomiting, skin yellowing, fatigue, abdominal pain, urine yellowing etc. Typically these symptoms last for several weeks. It may take 30 to 180 days for the diagnosis of symptoms after infection. Approximately 90% of patients infected with birth have been infected with chronic or chronic hepatitis B, in which less than 10% of patients affected after 5 years of age are affected. Most patients with chronic hepatitis B do not have any primary symptoms. However, in this case, it can gradually take the form of cirrhosis and liver cancer.

This virus spreads through blood or body fluids. Wherever the disease is prevalent, the disease spreads most of the time, usually during the birth of a child or by the blood of another infected person. But due to the low incidence of this disease, the use of drugs in the vein and unprotected sex is the main cause of the disease. It also spreads through blood transfusion, dialysis, living with the infected person, traveling in places where the transmission rate is high. In the 1980s, a significant number of people were infected with tattoos and acupuncture, although in recent years the infection was reduced by this type of infection. This disease does not spread through hand holding, sharing food utensils, kissing, hugging, sneezing or breast-feeding. After 30 to 60 days after infection, the disease can be diagnosed. The disease is usually diagnosed with the virus in the blood and antibodies against it.

Since 1982 it is possible to prevent this disease through nicknames. According to the World Health Organization, the vaccine should be taken on the first day of birth. There is a need for more 2-3 doses [1] for complete protection. This note works out to about 95% of cases.

About one-third of the world’s population has been infected at some time in their lifetime, of which 24 to 35 million people have chronic infection. In 2013, about 13 million people have been infected with the disease. More than 7.5 lakh people die every year. About three million of them died of liver cancer. Currently, this disease is only seen in East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. 5-10% of all adults in these areas are infected with chronic infection. In Europe and North America, the rate of infection is less than 1%. This disease can also be infected with other hominids.

Type of infection

Hepatitis B infection can be divided into two parts, such as, acute infection, and chronic infection. When a person is first infected, he is called acute hepatitis. Approximately 90% of adults get rid of it without any problems. In this case, hepatitis B antibody is created in the person’s body, which protects him from infection again in the future. But if the virus is in the blood for more than 6 months then it is called chronic hepatitis. About 90% of infected children and 5-10% of adults are infected with chronic hepatitis.

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of acute infections of the hepatitis B virus are food deficiency, nausea, vomiting, body ache, mild fever, urine, etc. These symptoms are gradually taking shape in jaundice. It has been found that itching of all types of hepatitis can be a possible symptom. These illnesses last for several weeks and then gradually its condition deteriorate. In some cases, acute hepatic failure can be seen and death may occur in some cases. In some cases, the infection may also be in sufficient condition without releasing any symptoms.

Chronic transmission of hepatitis B virus may be asymptomatic or may cause a chronic inflammation of the liver. It has been a few years since cirrhosis lasted. This type of infection can dramatically increase hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer). Hepatocellular carcinoma is about 50% due to hepatitis B and C in Europe. To avoid the risk of chronic carriers, it is advisable to quit drinking. Syrups and Liver Cancer Hepatitis B virus have been identified.

Read about Blood in Urine: Treatment, Test

Disease causes

The disease can spread in two ways.

  • Handover.
  • Virus infection.

Handover

In general, the presence of fluid and skin has been shown to spread the disease. Blood may be transmitted to anyone who receives hepatitis B in the blood, and it also spreads through any kind of sexual behavior such as sexual intercourse, homosexuality, drinking semen, oral sex, or kissing. Children from affected mothers may be affected by this disease. In this case, the baby’s risk of infection is 90%. The risk of getting infected from the affected child is 20%. It is quickly infected with other members from one member of the family. It cannot be easily detected. It is 100 times more infectious than HIV AIDS.

Virus infection Symptom

  • Eyes are yellow, call it jaundice.
  • The urine color is yellow.
  • Stomach ache and fever also occur.
  • Hunger is recession and nausea or vomiting.
  • Muscle and bone pain are painful.
  • The affected person always feels discomfort.
  • The brightness of the skin of the skin is damaged.

Preventive: Vaccine duration

Hepatitis B vaccine dose 4. One year after the first 3 months and the first dose of 4th. Five years after the booster dose to take. This creates resistance against the Hepatitis-B virus in the body.

Treatment

If there is a diagnosis, then a specialist doctor should be consulted. Usually there is no effective treatment. Regular treatment can be healthy but cannot be cured. Its main treatment is to keep the patient in complete rest. Benefits of eating glucose juice can be found. Many people claim that they have benefited from feeding rush leaf, illuminated leaf etc.

Read a full article about Hepatitis A

Future fears

  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Liver cancer
  • Kidney failure
  • Other

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